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Understanding the Difference Between Pigmentation and Hyperpigmentation

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We all naturally have pigment in our skin.

MELANOGENESIS is the name of the complex process which is responsible for the production of pigment called melanin. This pigment determines our skin, hair and eye colour that we are born with.

MELANOCYTES are specialised cells in our skin that produce melanin. When our skin is exposed to UV radiation these cells kick in and produce melanin to protect us from sun damage and sun burn, creating a suntan.

We have LANGERHANS CELLS which are triggered when we scratch or injure our skin. The injury triggers Langerhan cells to repair our skin. Melanocytes and Langerhan are sister cells, making them work together and therefore producing melanin to repair the skin. This can lead to hyper pigmentation.

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